Here, this page helps you to know about adverbs and their types.
What is known as Adverbs?
It is used to talk about when, where, and how an action happened. It represents the quality and degree of the action.
Let’s see how to form adverbs and the rules to consider when using adverbs in a sentence.
Formation of Adverbs
Most of the adverbs used in a clause end in ‘-ly’. Most of the adverbs are formed by adding ‘-ly’ with the adjectives. Some adjectives are in irregular forms.
Adjective + ly = Adverb
Rules to form adverbs
Example: happy – happily, angry – angrily
- If the adjective ends in ‘-le’, add ‘-y’ to form an adverb.
Example: horrible – horribly, idle – idly
- If the adjectives end in ‘-e’, add ‘-ly’ to form an adverb.
Example: polite – politely, complete – completely
- Not all words ending in ‘-ly’ are adverbs. We don’t have adverbs for the adjectives end in ‘-ly’.
Nouns: Sally, assembly
Verbs: supply, apply
Adjectives: early, likely
Here, are some uses of adverbs that you should know.
Uses of adverbs
- used to describe and modify verbs.
Example: Sanya walks fastly to the school.
- used to describe and modify adjectives.
Example: We are extremely happy with the news.
- used to describe or modify other adverbs.
Example: We played extremely well last week.
- used to describe and modify quantities of things or people.
Example: Alex has a lot of cats in her home.
Now, let’s see the types of adverbs with the examples.
Types of Adverbs
There are different types of adverbs used in English.
- Adverbs of manner
- Adverbs of degree
- Adverbs of frequency
- Adverbs of time
- Adverbs of place
- Adverbs of purpose
Adverbs of Manner
This type of adverbs is used to tell how that action has performed.
- He speaks in English well.
- She plays the piano beautifully.
- Alex sings sweetly.
- They ran fastly to catch the train.
- They shared the food equally.
Adverbs of Degree
This adverb is used to describe the intensity, degree and importance of an action, adjective or adverb. They are used to answer the question of ‘how much’.
- The coffee is extremely hot.
- She is too young to stay alone.
- Rodney hardly studies for his exam.
- We read the newspaper daily.
- The weather seems to change monthly.
Adverbs of Frequency
Adverbs of frequency describe how often an action occurs either in the definite or indefinite terms.
An adverb which is used to describe the specific time period such as weekly, monthly or yearly is known as definite frequency.
An adverb which is used to describe the unspecified time period such as often, rarely, and sometimes is known as indefinite frequency.
- The cat seldom sits on the sofa.
- We often go to the park.
- Alex visits his grandfather weekly.
- Charlotte pays her mortgage yearly.
- We gather occasionally to talk about our life.
Adverbs of Time
Adverbs of time are similar to Adverbs of frequency. It states when something happens. It is always used at the end of a sentence. Sometimes, you can place the adverbs of time at the start of the sentence.
- Mark wrote his exam yesterday.
- We have to go to the party now.
- I will see you tomorrow.
- Alex went to work this morning.
- She would like to go to a movie later.
- Last year, we went to Singapore.
Adverbs of Place
Adverbs of place are used to tell where the action takes place or happens. Adverb of place is used to tell about the location where the action happens. It is used to refer the direction, distance and position of something.
- New Zealand is located southeast of Australia.
- Here is your key.
- Catherine is moving far away from her home.
- She is sleeping on the bed.
- She moved forward to the stage.
Adverbs of Purpose
Adverbs of purpose are used to state the reason for something that happened. It is used to modify verb, adjective or other adverbs in a sentence. Therefore, hence, so that, consequently, in order to, since, thus and lest are examples of adverbs of purpose used in the sentence.
- I put on my glasses so that I could see the letter clearly.
- Alex was hungry so he ate the cake.
- Since it is hot, I am very tired.
- We paid our workers consequently of their hard work.
- I won’t wake him up, lest he gets angry.