Present Perfect Tense

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This page helps you to learn about the present perfect tense and how it is used in our daily life.

Present perfect tense refers to the actions which have finished but the result still exists in the present.

How to form sentences in the Present Perfect Tense?

Formation of sentences in the Present Perfect Tense.

1st person and 2nd person singular and plural; 3rd person plural

Subject + have + past participle form of the verb

3rd person singular

Subject + has + past participle form of the verb

In our daily life, we use the present perfect tense in some circumstances.

The Present Perfect Tense is used to:

  • Express unfinished events that have started in the past and continue to the present.

     Example: She has been in Florida since Wednesday.

  • Express someone’s life experience.

     Example: I have been to America in my life.

  • Express finished events in the past but had an impact now.

     Example: Raj has lost his keys. (He can’t go into the house

  • Express unfinished time words.

     Example: I have called him this week.

  • Express an action that is being repeated between the past and the future.

     Example: I have gone to the park many times.

  • Express an action that has not yet been finished.

     Example: It has rained this month.

  • Express an action that was completed in the recent past.

     Example: I have just finished my Advanced Level.

  • Express an action when time is not considered as an important aspect.

     Example: She has lost her ring.

Let’s see the full form and contractions used in the Present Perfect Tense.

The full form and contracted form of the Present Perfect Tense

Let’s learn how to make affirmative sentences in the Present Perfect Tense.

The affirmative sentence in the Present Perfect Tense

Now we learn to compose negative sentences in the Present Perfect Tense.

The negative sentence in the Present Perfect Tense

Here, we look at how to make positive and negative interrogative sentences in the Present Perfect Tense.

The interrogative sentence in the Present Perfect Tense

Positive Questions in the Present Perfect Tense

Now, we learn to make positive ‘wh’ questions in the present perfect tense. It’s easy to compose ‘Wh’ questions. We just need to add the ‘Wh’ question word in front of the helping verb.

Positive ‘Wh’ Questions in the Present Perfect Tense

It’s very simple to make negative questions in the present perfect tense. You just require to add the word ‘NOT‘ in the question.

Negative Questions in the Present Perfect Tense

(OR)

Negative ‘Wh’ Questions in the Present Perfect Tense

Here are examples, an essay and a conversation using Present Perfect Tense to make you more precise about Present Perfect Tense.

Examples:

  1. I have written a letter to him.
  2. She has done her assignments well.
  3. Natasha has just had her breakfast.
  4. We haven’t met him this week.
  5. Shan has been California in his life.
  6. Haven’t I informed you about the meeting?
  7. They have not talked to her about that incident.
  8. He hasn’t invited them to the party.
  9. What have you done to him?
  10. You have drunk wine several times.

Short essays

Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal has regarded as one of the eight wonders of the world, and some Western historians have noted that its architectural beauty has never been surpassed. The Taj Mahal has been the most beautiful monument which has built by the Mughals, the Muslim rulers of India. Taj Mahal has been built entirely of white marbles. Its stunning architectural beauty is beyond adequate description, particularly at dawn and sunset. The Taj has seemed to glow in the light of the full moon. The visitors have experienced the beauty of the Taj Mahal across the Yamuna River.

Conversation

Jill: What have you done? You have been in here for ages. You’ve made an awful mess.

Jack: I have cleaned out this room most of the morning. There has been a lot of stuff that has to be removed from here. I have found an old letter from that box.

Jill: What is the letter about? Have you read it?

Jack: Yeah. I have read. My grandfather had written that letter to my mother.

Jill: What have you done that old stuff found in the cupboard?

Jack: I have planned to throw the old stuff.

Jill: It’s good. I have made lunch. Come and have your lunch.

Jack: Thank you but I have eaten apples. I will have it later.

Jill: Ok. I’ll move on.

Jack: Bye.

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