Here on this page, you know about the singular and plural nouns.
The singular noun refers to the name of one person, place, thing or idea whereas plural noun refers to the name of a person, place, thing or idea which is more than one.
Example: cat – cats, pen – pens, bike – bikes, paper – papers.
There are some rules you need to know when you form plural nouns. Now, let’s look at those rules and form plural nouns.
Rules to remember when converting the singular noun to plural noun:
- Only the countable nouns have a plural form.
Example: pen – pens, boy – boys (NOT water – waters)
- Most of the singular nouns add ‘s’ to form the plural noun.
Example: car – cars, pot – pots
- Nouns that end with sh, ch, x, z, ss, or consonant + o add ‘es’.
Exception: If the -ch ending is pronounced with a ‘k’ sound, you add ‘s’ rather than ‘es’.
- Nouns that end with vowel + y, add ‘s’.
- Nouns that end with consonant + y, eliminate y, and add ‘ies’.
Exception: Proper noun that end with consonant + y, add ‘s’.
- Nouns that end with f or fe, eliminate f or fe and add ‘ves’.
- Nouns that end with vowel + o, add ‘s’.
Exception: Musical terms ending in an ‘o’, add ‘s’ to form plural form.
- Some nouns do not follow the consonant rule.
- Some nouns have irregular plurals.
NOTE: Uncountable nouns do not have a plural form.